Peacekeeping and Climate Change
A particularly exciting paper has appeared as a result of a conference held in Bangladesh early this year (2016). Debate on the impact of climate change among agricultural communities has been widespread. It is also widely accepted that one consequence is going to be wholesale migration of communities, with limited regard for political boundaries, in the search of better ground for their crops and livestock. Some of us have been woken to the sound of gunfire as armies either side of the Himalayas 'test' their weapons and, in so doing, remind their counterparts of their presence. We are also generally aware that development aid is better spent through the female members of communities than via the men. However, this is the first time that I have seen these threads pulled together and extended to the issue of peacekeeping in these regions and among these communities. I suspect that it will be a territory to be covered far more extensively in the near future.
Scott, SV & Akber Khan, S (2016)
Chapter 12: Conceptualizing Genderization of Peacekeeping for a New Paradigm in the Climate Change Adaptation Regime
in Kabir, SMZ and Hasan, MZ (eds) The Proceedings of the 1st Australian Institute for Sustainable Development (AISD) Internationational Multidisciplinary Conference. ISBN: 978-0-9945261-2-0
From its humble beginning after the Second World War, the United Nations (UN) peacekeeping operations today are equipped to face greater complex social, political, economic and ecological transformations. With the mandate of UN Security Council (SC) over the last few decades peacekeeping operations have evolved considerably and have emerged as a highly receptive complex institution. The evolving nature of peacekeeping has been appended by emerging concepts like responsibility to protect, human rights, protection of civilians and gender. In recent years climate change has emerged as an intricate factor behind the occurrence and reoccurrence of global conflict. Regardless of the exposure of climate change’s role in recent security discourse especially in the post conflict environment, the UN in general and peacekeeping in particular have been relatively passive in identifying climate change in its mandates, hence, most of the SC Resolutions targeting restoration of peace, democracy and good governance are not adequately addressing climate change. One of the core reasons could be the absence of a theoretical framework that could integrate climate change to peacekeeping. In this paper, SC Resolution 1325 of UN’s Women Peace and Security (WPS) agenda is examined as a case study to investigate how a comparative policy narrative could be developed to explain the potential role of peacekeeping to address climate change adaptation (CCA) through introducing a new thematic resolution.
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Migration Image Attribution: © IOM/Brendan Bannon 2011